Answering kids (and parents) questions about the Covid-19 vaccine for ages 5 to 11 – CNN

“My mommy and my papi stated that it will help keep me, my buddies, my neighbors, my abuela all healthy,” Rosita tells CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta on the 6th city center co-hosted by CNN and Sesame Streets Big Bird and buddies.”Your moms and dads are definitely right,” Gupta tells Rosita. “Covid vaccines are now readily available for kids 5 years and older and the more people who get them, the better were going to be able to assist stop the spread of Covid and keep everybody healthy.”Will it hurt?Ouch. “By far the No. 1 thing that I hear is, I do not want this to harm. How bad is it going to injure?” pediatrician and child development specialist Dr. David Hill told CNN last month. “I never ever lie to kids. I never ever inform them its not going to hurt at all or youre not going to feel it, because its simply not true,” stated Hill, who is a co-host on the American Academy of Pediatrics flagship podcast, “Pediatrics on Call.”Parents are bound to hear this concern prior to they enter into the automobile to go get the vaccine, and Hill has some all set recommendations:”You wish to be honest. You wish to state, You understand what, its going to harm simply a bit, but its not going to injure as bad as some other things that happen to you all the time– like falling down when youre running or stubbing your toe.”Can you keep it from hurting?Being told it will hurt– even just a bit– may still be disconcerting for some kids, especially those who are hesitant about needles. There are things moms and dads (and health care specialists) can do simply in the past and during the shot that can help, Hill said.Give the child a sense of control. Talk with the kid about what they can do, such as choosing where they would like to receive the shot. “You like to play baseball and youre right-handed, right? Maybe you want to have the shot in your left arm rather of your right,” Hill said.Kelly Foy and Pat McLarney, who are both kid life education specialists at Connecticut Childrens Medical Center, informed CNN in a previous interview that younger children might gain from advance role-playing, by administering vaccines to stuffed animals or dolls before their shot. Older kids may write a list of concerns for the nurse and medical professional, they said. Use interruption and soothing strategies. Hill recommends speaking to kids beforehand about how they can use breathing and interruption methods to minimize their focus on the shot.He recommends asking your kid: “Do you understand that if you take a breath and blow out actually gradually things injure less? They likewise injured less if youre singing or if youre holding my hand.”If you can assure children that yes, youre going to have control, and yes, its going to harm a little, however were going to help you keep it from hurting as much as you believe, those things can be really handy,” Hill said.A child might also hold some ice to their arm to numb it right before the shot, Foy and McLarney suggested. (Buy an instantaneous cold-pack to utilize or check with your pediatrician in advance to see if they can cool one.)Pop-it toys, fidget spinners, bubble wrap, capture balls, even vibrating toys can likewise be fantastic distractions, they said. Older kids may take advantage of creating a playlist of songs to listen to, playing a video game, or cuing up a disruptive video to watch.Play an enjoyable activity to do after. Kids get delighted about household trips, visits to their preferred places and play dates, experts say. So plan something enjoyable they can look forward to.Positive attitudes are keyGetting vaccinated is a positive thing, and parents need to highlight the advantages, specialists stress, such as more play dates with friends and seeing family members or family friends who have actually been off limits due to age or immune status.”Get together, masks off, provide grandparents or whoever a hug … you get everybody immunized whichs exactly the scenario that can sort of play out,” Gupta told CNN anchor John Berman on CNNs New Day this week. “The data has been actually compelling. We understood how excellent the vaccines were from the preliminary data: They decrease the possibility of infection 11.5 times and decrease the probability of getting seriously ill 20 times. Theyre not best. Theyre truly, truly excellent,” Gupta said.As far as kids are worried, this is just one more shot much like all the others they get, Hill worried.”How they respond is going to be really mostly– if not totally– depending on how the adults in their lives frame the experience,” he said.”If we are expressing concern, skepticism or concern, theyre absolutely going to detect that. If were expressing self-confidence and relief, theyre going to pick up on that also. And children are constantly listening, even when we think they arent,” he added.Mixing Covid-19 and influenza vaccineMany moms and dads wish to know if they can get their child inoculated from the influenza at the exact same time they are receiving the Covid-19 vaccine. “The response is yes,” Gupta informed Berman. In truth, he said, pediatricians frequently motivate getting numerous vaccines on the very same day.”Its easier that method– you do not need to keep bringing the child back,” Gupta stated. “Theyll have an aching arm for a couple of days, however get both shots. It might be a worst influenza season this year.”If given at the exact same time, the vaccines would be offered in a different injection website– for instance, in the other arm, or in 2 different locations on the leg, CNN Medical Analyst Dr. Leana Wen told CNN this week.Wen worried that even healthy children require to get the Covid-19 vaccine as quickly as possible. “About one-third of the kids who have actually been hospitalized from Covid-19 are those with no underlying health conditions. Healthy children can become extremely sick from coronavirus,” she said.Side effectsSpeaking of sore arms, what other side impacts should parents look for from the Covid-19 vaccine? The vaccine trials done on countless kids age 5 to 11 show very similar adverse effects to those in adults, however were typically milder, said Wen, who is the author of a brand-new book, “Lifelines: A Doctors Journey in the Fight for Public Health,” and the mom of two young kids.”The most common negative effects are pain at the injection site, headache and tiredness,” Wen said. “Some kids can experience fever and chills. All of these adverse effects decrease within a number of days. In reality, the risks of these side results were lower in the younger kids than in grownups– most likely due to the fact that of the lower dose.”The authorized dose for ages 5 to 11 is 10 micrograms, or one-third the 30 microgram dosage provided to kids and adults age 12 and older.”Some parents may be fretted about long-lasting adverse effects,” Wen included. “There is no clinical reason to believe that this would take place. Side results from other immunizations happen within the first 2 or 3 weeks following the shots, not months afterward.”One safety issue has been the risk of myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle, and pericarditis, the inflammation around the heart, which has appeared sometimes in younger adults who received the vaccine.The medical trials on ages 5 to 11 were mindful to track any actions that might be alerting indications and saw no cases of myocarditis in the kidss trial, said Dr. Emanuel “Chip” Walter Jr., chief medical officer of the Duke Human Vaccine Institute and professor of pediatrics at the Duke School of Medicine in Durham, North Carolina, who led among the trials.”If a child experienced any discomfort, chest discomfort, or shortness of breath, families were right away called and kids were evaluated. So it was taken a look at rather carefully in the trial, and there were no cases,” Walter informed CNN in late October. Can children with food allergies get vaccinated?Theres no factor to avoid the Covid-19 vaccine if your child has a common food allergy, Wen worried.”The Covid-19 vaccines do not consist of egg items, as some other vaccines do. If your child has a food allergic reaction or had a reaction to another vaccine in the past, that is not a factor to avoid the Covid-19 vaccine,” she said.However, do inspect with your medical professional if your kid has had a previous reaction to a vaccine or injectable treatment for another disease, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encouraged.”Your physician will assist you choose if it is safe for you to get immunized,” the CDC wrote. Overall, the only reason not to get this vaccine, according to the CDC, is if the kid has a serious allergic response to among its parts– PEG or polysorbate.”PEG is an active ingredient in the mRNA vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna), and polysorbate is a component in the J&J/ Janssen vaccine,” the CDC states. When is my kid completely vaccinated?Just like with grownups, a child is considered fully vaccinated two weeks after the 2nd injection. At this point, there is no method for kids to be fully vaccinated by Thanksgiving or Hanukkah, experts say. Therefore all safety measures, including masking and social distancing from high-risk member of the family, ought to be followed.As long as the very first shot is administered by November 19, a child will have complete protection for Christmas, Kwanzaa and end-of-year gatherings.CNNs Madeline Holcombe, Katie Hurley and Faye Chiu added to this story.

Maybe you desire to have the shot in your left arm instead of your right,” Hill said.Kelly Foy and Pat McLarney, who are both child life education specialists at Connecticut Childrens Medical Center, informed CNN in a prior interview that younger children may benefit from advance role-playing, by administering vaccines to stuffed animals or dolls before their shot.”If you can assure kids that yes, youre going to have control, and yes, its going to hurt a little, but were going to help you keep it from hurting as much as you think, those things can be extremely practical,” Hill said.A kid might also hold some ice to their arm to numb it simply before the shot, Foy and McLarney recommended. And kids are always listening, even when we believe they arent,” he added.Mixing Covid-19 and flu vaccineMany moms and dads desire to know if they can get their child vaccinated from the influenza at the very same time they are receiving the Covid-19 vaccine. Can children with food allergies get vaccinated?Theres no reason to prevent the Covid-19 vaccine if your kid has a typical food allergy, Wen worried. If your kid has a food allergic reaction or had a reaction to another vaccine in the past, that is not a reason to refrain from the Covid-19 vaccine,” she said.However, do inspect with your medical professional if your child has actually had a prior reaction to a vaccine or injectable treatment for another disease, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encouraged.