When the 24 letters of the Greek alphabet have actually been tired, another series like it will be announced, Van Kerkhove stated.
Under the new plan, B. 1.1.7, the variant first recognized in Britain, will be known as Alpha and B. 1.351, the variant first found in South Africa, will be Beta. P. 1, the variant first detected in Brazil, will be Gamma and B. 1.671.2, the so-called Indian variation, is Delta.
A strategy to streamline the nomenclature of the variations has remained in the works for a number of months, led by the WHOs Virus Evolution Working Group. But it was remarkably challenging to come up with an appropriate system, Van Kerkhove stated.
The initial plan was to create a lot of two-syllable names that arent words– portmanteaus, said WHOs Frank Konings, who leads the working group. It quickly became apparent that too lots of were really already declared– some were the names of business or areas, others were family names. Integrating three syllables didnt fix the issue and 4 syllables became unwieldy.
For a while, the group thought about names of Greek gods and goddesses, but that was eventually nixed. The concept of just numbering them one, 2, 3, and so on was considered, but declined because it was believed it would likely develop confusion with the names the viruses are offered in genetic series databases that track the evolution of the SARS-2.
” Were not stating replace B. 1.1.7, but actually just to try to help some of the discussion with the average individual,” Van Kerkhove explained. “So that in public discourse, we could discuss a few of these variations in more easy-to-use language.”
The Greek alphabet suggestion drew the approval of the professionals the WHO convened to come up with the calling system, a few of whom are members of the International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses. That group is charged with naming brand-new species of infections– it called SARS-CoV-2, the infection that triggers Covid-19. However it does not name subspecies of infections, which is why this fell to the WHO.
“I heard its in some cases quite a challenge to come to an agreement with concerns to nomenclature. This was a relatively simple conversation in getting to the point where everyone agreed,” Konings said.
The WHO will keep a list of variants with their brand-new names on its site.
It rapidly ended up being evident that too numerous were in fact currently claimed– some were the names of business or places, others were household names. The Greek alphabet idea drew the approval of the experts the WHO assembled to come up with the naming system, some of whom are members of the International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses. That group is charged with calling new species of infections– it named SARS-CoV-2, the virus that triggers Covid-19. It does not call subspecies of infections, which is why this fell to the WHO.
Do you have difficulty keeping the names Covid-19 variants straight, and struggle to distinguish B. 1.1.7 from B. 1.351 or B. 1.617.2?
The World Health Organization wants to help. On Monday, it revealed a new identifying system it devised for so-called versions of interest and variants of concern, the forms of the SARS-CoV-2 virus with essential mutations.
Each variation will be offered a name from the Greek alphabet, in a quote to both streamline the general public discussion and to strip some of the stigma from the development of brand-new variants. A nation might be more ready to report it has found a brand-new version if it knows the brand-new version of the virus will be recognized as Rho or Sigma instead of with the countrys name, Maria Van Kerkhove, the WHOs coronavirus lead, informed STAT in an interview.