Writing in the Journal of Radiotherapy and Oncology, the researchers stated the newly-found glands are most likely to be utilized to lubricate the upper throat behind the nose and mouth, the researchers added.
To verify their discovery, the researchers, led by radiation oncologist Wouter Vogel, examined 100 patients and found all of them had the glands.
They likewise dissected the nasopharynx region of 2 cadavers and had the exact same outcomes.
The scientists findings might likewise help in reducing the negative effects of some cancer treatments, they stated.
Physicians using radiotherapy to treat head and neck cancers try to prevent the three primary salivary glands since damaging them can leave patients struggling to eat, swallow or speak.
Uninformed of the existence of a 4th set of glands, they were still radiating that location, significance patients were still experiencing side effects.
Dr Vogel said: “Our next action is to learn how we can best spare these new glands and in which patients.
” If we can do this, clients may experience less side impacts, which will benefit their overall lifestyle after treatment.”
They named them the tubarial salivary glands due to their area over a piece of cartilage called the torus tubarius.
Researchers have discovered a new organ in the throat while bring out research on prostate cancer.
Formerly specialists thought there were only microscopic salivary glands inside the nasopharynx region behind the nose.
But scientists at the Netherlands Cancer Institute discovered a brand-new set of salivary glands around 1.5 in length while scanning for prostate cancer cells utilizing using a mix of CT scans and positron emission tomography (PET) scans called PSMA PET-CT.
In PSMA PET-CT scanning, physicians inject a radioactive “tracer” into the client. This tracer binds well to the protein PSMA, which rises in prostate cancer cells.
PSMA PET-CT scanning also occurs to be great at detecting salivary gland tissue, which is also high in PSMA.