Colon-Cancer Q&A: What to Know – Wall Street Journal

The death of actor and “Black Panther” star Chadwick Boseman at 43 years of ages shines a spotlight on the threat of colon cancer, particularly “young beginning” colorectal cancer which is on the rise among people under the age of 50. Here are a few things to understand about the disease.

What is colon cancer, and what are the symptoms?

Colon cancer, also called colorectal cancer, begins in the colon in the digestion system and tends to grow gradually over several years. It generally begins as a development of tissue called a polyp, and eliminating the polyp early might avoid the cancer.

The cancer might not cause symptoms at the beginning, but symptoms can consist of a change in defecation, bleeding, abdominal pain, tiredness and unexpected weight reduction.

How typical is colorectal cancer? How fatal is it?

Colorectal cancer is the fourth-most-common type of cancer, after prostate, lung and breast cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute. There will be an approximated 147,950 new cases in 2020 and 53,200 estimated deaths, which is 8.8% of all cancer-related deaths.

The cancer is more prevalent in males than ladies and is more widespread amongst Black Americans than other ethnic cultures, stated Kimmie Ng, director of the Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer Center at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston.