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Coronavirus antibody levels same in Stockholm and London, study shows – Business Insider – Business Insider

https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-antibody-levels-same-in-stockholm-and-london-study-shows-2020-8

A study comparing coronavirus exposure in London and Stockholm casts more doubt over herd immunity.
It found that the two capital cities had the exact same infection rate– 17%– earlier in the summer season.
This is despite the UK and Sweden taking really different approaches to the coronavirus pandemic.
Unlike the UK and most other nations, Sweden decided against stringent lockdown measures.
This choice was taken partly in the belief that herd immunity was achievable.
Swedens state epidemiologist predicted that 40% of Stockholm would have antibodies by May.

The figure is far higher than in surrounding countries with comparable social customizeds and political systems. Its per-capita death figure is more than 5 times Denmarks, more than 11 times Norways, and practically 10 times Finlands.
The UK nearly trod the same path as Sweden

Dr Simon Clarke, a teacher in Cellular Microbiology at the University of Reading, told The Daily Mail paper: “Natural herd resistance, generated by letting COVID-19 sweep through a population, might have been an appealing concept to some since of the absence of a lockdown or curbs on peoples liberties, however it was nothing more than an idea which lacked supporting data.
” The Swedish experience of trying to attain this, compared to other Nordic countries actions, led to much greater numbers of infections and deaths per capita, in addition to an extended break out,” he continued.
” These findings ought to show a salutary warning, that appealing concepts and theories need supporting data when individualss lives are at stake and ought to not be used to fit pre-conceived stories.”
5,770 individuals in Sweden have actually died after evaluating positive for coronavirus as of Wednesday morning, providing it among Europes greatest death tolls per capita.

Stockholm and London both had the exact same coronavirus infection rates previously in the summertime, according to a new study, casting yet more doubt on the herd resistance theory.
Unlike most European countries, Sweden did not execute strict lockdown steps in response to the break out of the COVID-19 infection. Rather, it allowed dining establishments, stores, and bars to stay mainly open and trainees to attend school.
The United Kingdom like many other countries enforced an across the country lockdown, with Boris Johnsons federal government closing offices, schools, and the hospitality industry, and limiting social contact in between people.
Swedens state epidemiologist Anders Tegnell, who is extensively credited as the designer of the nations controversial action to the pandemic, warranted Swedens response by saying countries that enforced strict lockdowns would most likely suffer large second waves later on in the year, whereas Swedens would be smaller sized.

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In April, he forecasted that by May 40% of people in the Swedens capital Stockholm would have established coronavirus antibodies.
However, a study performed by University College London academics and published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, estimated that the level of infection in Stockholm in April was in fact around 17%– the exact same level as in London, according to analysis of tests carried out in Englands capital in April and May.
When at least 60% of individuals capture it, the study postures an additional obstacle to herd immunity– the theory that a population will become immune to the coronavirus.
Sweden chose against stringent lockdown procedures partly in the belief that this level of infection was attainable in the foreseeable future.

Anders Tegnell.

ANDERS WIKLUND/TT News Agency/AFP via Getty Images

The scientists behind the research, UCLs David Goldsmith and Eric Orlowski, said: “Lest this method appear like just the conventional risky Swedish exceptionalism, we in the UK would do well to remember we nearly trod the exact same path.
” Right now, regardless of strict (but tardy) lockdown in the UK, and the more measured Swedish response, both countries have high seven-day balanced Sars-CoV-2 death rates when compared to other Scandinavian and European nations.”
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There is presently inadequate proof that coronavirus antibodies offer immunity to the infection. People who catch a virus usually establish antibodies, which can be measured by tests.
It is unclear, howver, whether having antibodies offers total– or even partial– immunity to COVID-19, or the length of time such a result might last.
A research study by Kings College London released last month found that while 60% of people with the coronavirus had “powerful” antibodies, just 17% had the very same level of effectiveness 3 months later on. The strength of the antibodies fell by as much as 23 times over the three months and in some cases antibodies were undetectable at the end of that time period.

The findings put “another nail in the casket of the dangerous idea of herd immunity,” Jonathan Heeney, a teacher of virology at the University of Cambridge, stated at the time.
Prime Minister Johnsons UK federal government has actually rejected initially attempting to pursue a method of herd immunity before it was alerted that it would lead to the deaths of numerous thousands of people.
An Italian health minister in June said Johnson revealed his plan to pursue herd immunity in a phone call with Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte on March 13, a little more than a week before the UK went into a countrywide lockdown.
On the very same day, Patrick Vallance, the chief clinical advisor to the UK government, stated he thought the UK would be able to attain herd immunity.